Australian census statistics

Find statistics from Australian censuses from 1788 to present

Subject Guide

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Katie Flack
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What is a census?

A census records information about a population. The same information is collected at the same time from everyone across a specified area. Information is collected where people live, or where they are staying at the time of the census. To find out more about the types of information that can be found in census records, read Why use census data?


This guide describes why census data is of interest to many kinds of researchers. It explains how to find and use information collected in censuses from 1788 to the present. It also includes information about the history of censuses in Australia.

This is a perpetual work in progress. If you find any errors, or if you can suggest other information sources or approaches to this topic, please contact us.

Taking The Census

Ashton, Julian Rossi, Taking the census, Australasian Sketcher, April 23, 1881.
State Library of Victoria Pictures Collection A/S23/04/81/137.

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