Film research and cinema studies guide

Ways of researching film at the State Library Victoria

Resources about international film

This page includes resources about films from all over the world. Some general worldwide resources are listed as well as more detailed listings for countries and continents.

The Directory of world cinema book series has some good (but not exhaustive) guides to film in certain countries or regions.

Magill's survey of cinema is a multi volume series containing detailed reviews of films worldwide from the silent era until the 1980s. These are on the shelves in the Arts section.

The International motion picture almanac (1956-2014) was an annual publication that looked at cinema from all over the world and summarised production and exhibition trends for each country.

If you are looking for information on film in newspapers around the world check out the State Library Victoria newspaper guide, or the wikipedia list of online newspaper archives.

Researching films by country and region

United States of America

Most of the film books in the library are about USA films. There is a very wide range of material available and using a basic search (motion picture* United States) will bring up an overload of results. One suggestion is to combine search terms (eg motion picture* "United States" feminis* (using * to include both feminism and feminist) or film* "United States" comedy. Another search term to try is Hollywood, though you will want to filter and combine search terms for it as well. 

A selection of books

This is a very small selection of writing on USA film that the library holds.


State Library Victoria holds many key academic film journals that are based in the USA (usually linked to universities). Their content includes much USA film but their scope is global cinema. Magazines like Variety and Hollywood reporter are specifically about the USA film industry. Hollywood quarterly (1940s-1950s) and Premiere (monthly that ran 1980s-2000s) were good all round film news and entertainment magazines focusing on USA film. The Media history digital library links to many historical USA film magazines.

USA specific databases

The databases mentioned on the 'Research' page of this guide should give good results for USA films. Try the databases below as well.


India's vibrant cinema has been a mainstay of Indian popular culture. Film production in India is amongst the highest in the world, and the Indian musical (known around the world as Bollywood) has spawned a massive music and star industry. The Indian film industry is not just Bollywood and there have been many important films and filmmakers working in India who do not partake in the musical movie tradition.

Searching tips

motion picture* India* is a good search, though simply typing Bollywood gives plenty of results as well.

A selection of books and magazines

There is a number of Indian specific film journals in our collection dated between the 1970s and the early 1990s.

General books for UK and Ireland

Directors in British and Irish cinema : a reference companion / edited by Robert Murphy ; associate editors: Geoff Brown and Alan Burton

Great Britain - Searching tips

Great Britain - general search ("motion picture*" Britain)

As Britain is a major film producer, as well as a supplier of talent to the USA, there are many film books relating to it. Using other keywords with the above search may help narrow your choices - eg: "motion picture*" Britain comedy.

Great Britain - book selection


Scotland - general search (motion picture* Scotland)


Ireland - general search (motion picture* Ireland)



France uses film as a key cultural point of identity. Its film industry is heavily subsidised by the government and has protections afforded to it unlike most other film industries in the world.

France is important for not only its film production industry in general but is known as the home of many key film theorists and filmmakers. The Parisian based nouvelle vague (New Wave) movement of the late 1950s and 1960s looked at cinema in a different way than Hollywood film did at the time. The ideas explored in the movement had a massive impact on filmmaking in the USA, and all over the world.

Searching tips

France - general search (motion picture* France). Using genre and or film theory terminology with the general search term may narrow your search results.

A selection of books

Some key filmmakers - Agnes Varda, Jean-Luc Godard, Jean Renoir, Francois Truffaut, Eric Rohmer, Claire Denis

East Asia

East Asia - Searching tips

China - general search (Motion picture* china), Hong Kong - general search (Motion Picture* "Hong Kong"), Taiwan - general search (Motion Picture* Taiwan)

China and Hong Kong


Japan - general search (Motion Picture* japan)

South and North Korea

South and North Korea - general search (Motion Picture* Korea)


Western Europe

Europe has traditionally (and continues to be) an important area for filmmaking, both in terms of film production and film industry in general. For the larger European countries, much has been written and can be accessed at the State Library Victoria.

Due to the amount of writing on German, Spanish, and Italian cinema, using genre and other film terminology with a country search might be needed to narrow one's search results.

General resources on European film - general search - (motion picture* europe*)

Germany and Austria

Germany - general search (motion picture* German*) Austria - general search (motion picture* Austria*)


Italy - general search (motion picture* Ital*)


Spain - general search (motion picture* Spain*), another general search (motion picture* Spain)


Greece- general search (motion picture* Greece)


Belgium - general search (motion picture* Belgium)

Netherlands (Holland)

Netherlands - general search (motion picture* Netherlands)

Sweden and Nordic countries

Sweden - General search (motion picture* Swed*)

Denmark - General Search (motion picture* Denmark)

Finland - General Search (motion picture* Finland)


Eastern Europe

General resources on European film - general search - (motion picture* europe*)

Russia/Soviet Union

There is much writing available on Russian/Soviet Union cinema. Early Soviet era cinema brought innovations regarding montage and documentary.

Russia - general search  (motion picture* Russia*) Soviet Union - general search (motion picture* Soviet)


Czech - general search (motion picture* Czech*)


Poland - general search (motion picture* poland)

South Eastern Europe countries (including Yugoslavia)

Yugoslavia - General Search (motion picture* Yugoslav*)


Latin America and Canada

A good way to search to research filmmaking in countries south of the USA is to use the term motion picture* Latin.

Check the reference books listed below for information on smaller film producing countries. Article searches can also reap more results.


Brazil, Argentina and South America

Brazil - general search (motion picture* Brazil)

Argentina - general search (motion picture* Argentin*)


Canada - general search (motion picture* Canad*)


Africa, Iran and the Middle East

Feature film production is strong in a number of countries in these areas, particularly Iran, as well as South Africa, Israel, and Nigeria. Check the reference books listed for information on smaller film producing countries. Article searches can be an effective searching tool for hard-to-find material on African and Middle East film.


Africa - general search (motion picture* Africa* NOT "african american" NOT "afro american")

Nigeria (including the term Nollywood)

Nollywood is a (controvesial) nickname used to discuss the Nigerian film industry, both its general history and in particular the time periosd since the development of lost cost production and exhibition formats (like video cassette). Nollywood films are currently produced at a very high rate and are popular in Africa (which is perhaps why Nollywood shares a similar terminology to Hollywood and Bollywood).

Nollywood - general search. (Note that a search using articles will bring up many more matches)

South Africa - general search (motion picture* South Africa*)


Iran, Middle East and Arab film

Arabic film - general search (motion picture* Arab*)

Iran - general search (motion picture* Iran*)

A number of Iranian films and filmmakers have had constant success in the arthouse film markets worldwide.

Turkey - general search (motion picture* Turkey)

Israel - general search (motion picture* Israel*)

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Searching tips

Searching for film resources relating to a country or continent  can be as simple as typing 'film' or 'cinema' or "motion picture*" (with quotation marks and asterisk) and the name of the country or region/continent you are interested in. For example - Japan* film, Japan* cinema, "motion picture*" Japan*

Using genre terms or film theory terms can narrow your search - eg: Japan* film horror, motion picture* France feminis* (use * for either feminism or feminist).

Using a wildcard asterisk (*) can broaden your search term in a useful way. Good for countries - eg: for Japan using the asterisk after the n (Japan*) allows searching for both Japan and Japanese.

Article search - if you are looking for magazine and newspaper articles, try the Article search option.

Do multiple searches for a film if it is in a language other than English. Use the English title and the original language title. Original language information for a film is usually located on websites like the Internet Movie database or Wikipedia.

Recent books on international film

Pandora's Box / Pamela Hutchinson

A world redrawn : Eisenstein and Brecht in Hollywood / edited by Zoe Beloff ; with essays by Hannah Frank and Esther Leslie.

Hybrid modernism : movie theatres in South India / Haubitz + Zoche ; authors/Autoren: Rohan Shivkumar, S.V. Srinivas.

Tony Leung Chiu-Wai / Mark Gallagher.