Australians in World War 1

This guide focuses on Australians serving in World War 1. It also includes some information relevant to Great Britain, other Commonwealth nations and other combatant nations. There is a section on nurses and women's war occupations.

Campaigns & battles

Once you know what unit or regiment a soldier served with, and you have traced the movements of that unit, you can research the campaigns and battles in which his unit served. This helps build a picture of a particular soldier's war experiences.

A 'campaign' is a series of military engagements and operations and may include a number of battles. Names for campaigns and battles may vary according to national perspective: for instance, Gallipoli includes many battles across the peninsula. In Australia, it is commonly known as the Gallipoli Campaign, but in England it is often referred to as the Dardanelles Campaign. 

Official national war histories include detailed accounts of day-by-day military operations. Check the Official histories heading in this guide.

You can search the State Library catalogue on the Search & Discover page using names of battles such as Somme or Ypres.

There are a number of chronologies and almanacs which give dates of battles and campaigns.

 

Anzac gunners near Pozieres, France, Illustrated war news, 16 Aug 1916

Battlefields 

Click on the links below to find books, pictures, maps, manuscripts and other resources listed on the library catalogue about battlefields of the War.

Orders of battle

The Order of Battle gives the command structure, composition and organisation of each division and its locations during the war. It is useful for finding out where a particular unit served.

Newspapers and journals

Newspapers and journals, many online, are a rich source of information on World War I. Newspapers contain day-to- day accounts of battles and incidents and references to soldiers by name. See this example from the Melbourne Argus. Modern journals include research about the war, while journals published at the time include essays about politics, warfare, battles, significant personalities and the homefront.

The Library holds major daily newspapers from around Australia and local newspapers from Victoria. Our How to find newspapers guide can help you to locate these newspapers.

Local papers are often good for stories on individual soldiers. Most Victorian local papers from 1914-1918 are now available to search and browse on the Trove Newspapers website. Use the Advanced Search option for more precise  searching. 

Photographs of soldiers in newspapers such as the Weekly Times and The Leader can be found on the Trove website. Some photos are  indexed in the online Australiana Index, found on the Search & Discover page on the State Library website. Not all photographs are indexed on the Australiana Index, so you can also try the  Illustrations Index and the Biography index held at the Library. Staff at the Information Centre can assist. 

Ypres

 

Ruins of the Cloth Hall, Ypres, Illustrated war news, 3 Oct 1917, part 69, page 1.

Australian official photograph of the ruins of the Cloth Hall, Ypres, Illustrated war news, 3 Oct 1917, part 69, page 1.